|Nelvana of the Northern Lights, Adrian Dingle,|
front cover, Nelvana of the Northern Lights,
ca. 1945 © National Archives of Canada/Nelvana Ltd.
The next national super hero to arise was the now legendary Johnny Canuck. Johnny or Jack Canuck had been portrayed in Canadian political cartoons, beginning in the nineteenth-century. Once portrayed as a French-Canadian habitant, the figure became increasingly western, donning high leather boots and a stetson.
|"Canada's Answer to Nazi Oppression", Leo Bachle, Dime Comics No. 2, p. 23, March 1942|
© National Archives of Canada/Nelvana Ltd.
|Leo Bachle (script and art), Dime Comics No. 1, p. 23, February 1942 Super ITCH|
Canada Jack appeared in 1943, and was the first fictional addition to the Canadian Heroes comic books. Canadian Heroes was the creation of Montreal's Educational Products, which had a wholesome educational mandate legitimized by letters of endorsement by Canadian cabinet ministers. Canada Jack's exploits were largely restricted to foiling the dastardly plans of saboteurs on the Canadian home-front.
When the war ended, the ban of American comics in Canada also ceased, and the fledgling industry all but collapsed. The transition to colour was another barrier to a home-grown comics industry. Crime and mystery comics began to grow in popularity, and were the subject of considerable backlash from those who felt their message was unsavoury. By 1947, the Golden Age of Canadian comics had all but come to an end.
Adams, Mary Louise (Author). The Trouble with Normal: Postwar Youth and the Making of Heterosexuality.
Toronto, ON, CAN: University of Toronto Press, 1997. p 144.
Johnny Canuck's entire adventures summarized on an archived Library and Archives Canada page:
English Canadian Comic Books from the Canadian Encyclopedia: